The Human Body parts are frail, once damaged, the chances of recovering them back to normal are very minimal.Modern technology is working on ways to replace each and every bit of the lost body parts and a few of such technologies are available in many countries which have given the person in need a new hope of life.
An artificial organ is a man-made device that replaces a missing body part, which have been lost through traumas, diseases, or congenital conditions.
Few of such amazing prosthetic replacements that are advancing modern medicine.
The i-LIMB is the world’s first commercially available bionic hand, released in 2007. The i-LIMB Hand is controlled through the use of myoelectric signals, which uses the muscle signals in the patient’s residual arm to move the i-LIMB Hand around. Since its release, the prosthesis has only gotten more advanced, with more automatic finger and thumb controls and a mobile app to activate the grips.
Like the i-LIMB, it too uses muscle impulses to activate the different grips that allows the user to perform everyday tasks normally. Precision is not much of a problem for these cybernetic hands, as most of the things a real hand can do can be replicated with the artificial ones, allowing amputees to live a normal life unaided.
Leg: Power Knee
POWER KNEE, the only motor powered knee joint, provides active motion and superior powered stance stability to replace lost muscle function, enabling users to go further. It can also learn the user’s walking pattern and gait to be more efficient and comfortable.
Feet: Proprio Foot
the Proprio Foot is a bionic foot aimed at helping the user navigate uneven terrain. The prosthesis features designs and technology that helps reduce the compensatory movements that user’s would usually make with traditional prosthetics.
The BiOM T2 generates power during plantar flexion, propelling the prosthesis forward. With the PowerFoot BiOM users indicate less pain, more energy and the feeling of having their leg back. They report less fatigue, increase in daily activities, fewer pressures inside of the socket and more stability on uneven terrain. The result is a healthier patient with a more active lifestyle.
The prosthetics work by using a retinal implant and an external camera mounted to eyeglasses connected to a processor. Images are recorded by the camera, processed and then sent to the implants in the eye wirelessly. The implant will then stimulate the remaining retinal cells in order to give the user limited visual information. It doesn’t cure blindness but it is one step closer to restoring vision to the blind.
Artificial hearts have actually been around for more than 50 years and though they cannot permanently replace the heart just yet, they can extend the life of a patient long enough to get a heart transplant. Example of artificial hearts include the AbioCor, which has a life expectancy of 18 months.
A recent development in bionic organs research, the bionic pancreas is a solution to make the lives of people affected with Type-1 diabetes easier. Instead of the usual routine of manually injecting insulin, the bionic pancreas uses a system where a sensor will read the user’s glucose level and send it to a smartphone app for analysis. The app will calculate the amount of insulin required and automatically administers it through an implanted pump.